Agiorgitiko is one of the two most important Greek red grape varieties. It is grown in the region of Nemea, occupying 80 % of the vineyards. It is also called "the blood of Hercules" because of the deep red color of the produced wines. In an area of more than 2,500 acres and an altitude of 200-850 meters the medium-sized, well-filled clusters with the spherical berries, soft flesh and thick blue-black skins give us the famous Agiorgitiko Wine thus ranking Nemea as the largest producer of red wine in Greece.
The variety has medium vigor, good yields but it is quite susceptible to downy mildew, Botrytis bunch rot and powdery mildew. Bud break commences by the end of March and the harvest takes place in mid-September to early October, depending on the altitude of the vineyard. Agiorgitiko produces wines of varying styles such as rosé wines, dry, medium-dry, medium-sweet and sweet red wines which can be consumed young or aged. They can also vary depending on the microclimate in which the grapes are grown. In low-altitude areas it produces quality sweet wines, in mid-altitude areas it produces wines with a high alcohol content, satisfying acidity, with a rich color, satisfying tannins, meanwhile in areas of high altitude it can give excellent dry rosé wines. The Production Zone in Nemea produces the famous wine of Protected Designation of Origin Nemea (PDO Nemea).